Services and Diagnostic Tests
Pulmonary Function Tests
including lung volumes and diffusion capacity
Methacholine Challenge at Novant Health Kernersville Medical Center:
Provocholine (methacholine chloride) is a cholinergic drug that causes wheezing and shortness of breath and is used as a test to determine whether you may have asthma. Provocholine is only administered in a clinical setting and is used for testing and not to treat any conditions.
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Bronchoscopy at Novant Health Kernersville Medical Center:
Bronchoscopy is a procedure that lets doctors look at your lungs and air passages. It’s usually performed by a doctor who specializes in lung disorders (a pulmonologist). During bronchoscopy, a thin tube (bronchoscope) is passed through your nose or mouth, down your throat and into your lungs.
Bronchial Thermoplasty at Novant Health Kernersville Medical Center:
Bronchial thermoplasty is a treatment for severe asthma approved by the FDA in 2010 involving the delivery of controlled, therapeutic radiofrequency energy to the airway wall, thus heating the tissue and reducing the amount of smooth muscle present in the airway wall. Dr. Javaid is one of the few doctors in the state who performs it
Overnight pulse oximetry to evaluate nocturnal hypoxia:
Overnight (nocturnal) home oximetry is a test to. monitor and record the level of oxygen in your blood as you sleep through the night at home. With this test, an oxygen sensor is clipped to your finger and connected to a machine called anoximeter.
Pulmonary Function Tests
Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are noninvasive tests that show how well the lungs are working. The tests measure lung volume, capacity, rates of flow, and gas exchange. This information can help your healthcare provider diagnose and decide the treatment of certain lung disorders.
Normal values for PFTs vary from person to person. The amount of air inhaled and exhaled in your test results are compared to the average for someone of the same age, height, sex, and race. Results are also compared to any of your previous test results. If you have abnormal PFT measurements or if your results have changed, you may need other tests.
Spirometry is a common office test used to assess how well your lungs work by measuring how much air you inhale, how much you exhale and how quickly you exhale.
Spirometry is used to diagnose asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other conditions that affect breathing. Spirometry may also be used periodically to monitor your lung condition and check whether a treatment for a chronic lung condition is helping you breathe better.
6 Minute Walk Test
The American Thoracic Society describes the six-minute walk test as a measure of functional status or fitness. It is used as a simple measure of aerobic exercise capacity. The results of this test may or may not lead your doctor to do more sophisticated measures of your heart and lung function. During this test, you walk at your normal pace for six minutes. This test can be used to monitor your response to treatments for heart, lung and other health problems. This test is commonly used for people with pulmonary hypertension, interstitial lung disease, pre-lung transplant evaluation or COPD.
Bronchoscopy is a procedure that helps look inside the airway of the lungs. It involves inserting a bronchoscope tube, with its light and small camera, through your nose or mouth, down your throat into your trachea, or windpipe, and to the bronchi and bronchioles of your lungs. This procedure is used to find the cause of a lung problem. It can detect tumors, signs of infection, excess mucus in the airways, bleeding, or blockages in the lungs. It also can allow your doctor to take samples of mucus or tissue for other laboratory tests, as well as to insert airway stents, or small tubes, to keep your airway open to treat some lung problems.
The procedure is performed using a flexible bronchoscope or a rigid bronchoscope. Flexible bronchoscopy is more common than rigid bronchoscopy, and flexible bronchoscopy usually does not require general anesthesia. Before the procedure, you will be given medicine to relax you. A liquid medicine also will be given to numb your nose and throat. If you have low blood oxygen levels during the procedure, you will be treated with oxygen therapy. If you have a lot of bleeding in your lungs or a large object is stuck in your airway, you may require rigid bronchoscopy in a hospital operating room under general anesthesia.
After the procedure, you will be monitored to make sure you don’t have complications. You may experience a sore throat, cough, or hoarseness that will go away with time. If you had the procedure as an outpatient, you likely will be able to go home after a few hours, but you will need a ride home because of the medicines or anesthesia you received. You will need to follow up with your doctor after the procedure to get your results.
Bronchoscopy is usually safe, but there is a small risk for fever, minor bleeding, or pneumonia. Pneumothorax, or collapsed lung, is a rare but serious side effect that can be treated. Your doctor may do a chest x ray after the procedure to check for lung problems.
Our bronchoscopy procedures are performed at Novant Health Kernersville Medical Center.
Bronchial Thermoplasty is delivered by the Alair™ System in 3 outpatient sessions performed by a BT-Certified pulmonologist
- Each session treats a different part of the lung to ensure safety
- During the procedure, a carefully controlled device delivers mild heat to the smooth muscle of the airways in your lungs, reducing the amount of excessive smooth muscle
- No incision is needed; BT is performed with a bronchoscope inserted through the nose or mouth
- When your BT treatment is complete, you will return to your regular asthma-treating physician to continue managing your asthma
Smoking Cessation – How to Quit Smoking
Cigarette smoking causes more than 480,000 deaths each year in the United States. Over 41,000 of these deaths are from breathing secondhand smoke. That’s about one in every five deaths, or 1,300 per day, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. On average, smokers die 10 years earlier than nonsmokers. Smoking often causes serious health issues, such as heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, and other cancers. Smoking also increases your risk for blindness.
Other oral and inhaled tobacco products also cause health problems. These products include chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, cigars, and pipes. As with cigarettes, using these products often leads to cancer, heart disease, and other serious health conditions.
Some smokers try “vaping” to help them quit. Vaping is the use of electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, which do not contain tobacco but instead heat up nicotine to produce a smoke-like vapor that is then inhaled. Vaping is not an FDA approved form of smoking cessation to quit smoking.
Quitting tobacco is hard. Here at Lung and Sleep Wellness Center, we want to help you “kick the habit.” Quitting now is one of the best things you can do for your health.